What is a Water Filtration System? 

When choosing a water filtration system, you should know what it uses to filter water. These systems are available in different forms and can help to ensure that you drink water that is clean and fresh. In this article, we will talk about Activated carbon, Reverse osmosis, and Activated catalytic carbon. 

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Activated carbon 

Activated carbon water filtration systems have been around for quite some time. In fact, they were first used in ancient Egypt as a way to treat water. Ancient Egyptians used charcoal to smelt ore for bronze, and also used it as a way to get rid of unpleasant smells. Activated carbon was also used by the Ancient Hindus and Phoenicians to purify their water. It was not until the 17th century that scientists quantified the adsorption force of porous carbon. Frederick Lipscombe was the first to commercially apply the technology. 

Activated carbon filters come in different forms, which can be powdered or granular. Powdered activated carbon filters are more effective than GAC filters because the granules are smaller. These water filters are available as under-sink filters, filter pitchers, and refrigerator filters. However, you must follow a specific buying guide for these filters before you purchase them. 

Ion exchange 

An Ion Exchange (IX) water filtration system is a type of filtration that uses ion exchange technology to remove hard minerals like calcium and magnesium from water. This process reduces the amount of limescale in water, and makes it safe for drinking. These systems typically use a system of ion exchange resin beads, which are rechargeable and can be replaced with new ones when necessary. The filtering system also includes a programmable logic controller and necessary piping infrastructure. 

The resins used in an Ion Exchange water filtration system come in a variety of sizes and can be expensive or inexpensive, so it’s important to shop around before making a decision. Standard resins cost about $40-$200 per cubic foot. Specialty resins, on the other hand, can range from $500 to $2000 per cubic foot. 

Reverse osmosis 

A reverse osmosis water filtration system can be a great solution for water purification. Unlike the regular water filter, it uses microscopic filters that remove minerals and dissolved substances. It can also remove heavy metals, such as arsenic, from the water. Using a reverse osmosis system can be a better option in communities that don’t have clean water supplies or who need a highly purified water supply. 

Reverse osmosis systems use a semi-permeable membrane with a pore size of around 0.0001 microns. Since the pores are so small, they let only small water molecules through and trap larger molecules of contaminants. The technology was originally developed for desalinating seawater and reducing high levels of chemical contaminants in wastewater. However, it is now widely used in residential, commercial, and government applications. 

Activated catalytic carbon 

Activated catalytic carbon is able to degrade chloramines and hydrogen sulfide in drinking water due to the chemical reaction that it undergoes. The two chemicals are created when chlorine reacts with organic plant materials. Activated catalytic carbon is based on a special type of carbon that is made from a process that alters the surface structure of the carbon. This allows it to degrade these chemicals more effectively than traditional carbon. 

Carbon filters use activated carbon to remove chemicals from water. The carbon has a high reactivity to chlorine molecules, making it more efficient in filtering water. However, not all carbon filters are the same. Some contain more or less activated carbon, which affects their filtration abilities and absorption speed. Higher levels of activated carbon in a filtration system will result in longer filter life, fewer replacements, and better filtered water.