What Do Water Softeners Remove? 

Using water softeners will reduce the amount of water you use. It can also be a great way to save money on utility bills. A water softener will also remove the minerals that make water hard, such as calcium and magnesium. This can prevent stains from building up on kitchenware and shower heads. Using a water softener can also save water heaters and plumbing devices. 

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The type of water softener you choose will depend on the type of water you use. Most water softeners work by using an ion exchange process. These systems use specially designed beads to absorb the positively charged ions and eliminate the negatively charged minerals. The ion exchange process works to eliminate calcium and magnesium from the water. 

Another type of water softener is a reverse osmosis system. It uses high pressures to push water through a semipermeable membrane. Water is then passed through the membrane to a filter. It can provide water for homes that have difficulty accessing water supply, such as in remote locations. 

These water softeners will remove the calcium and magnesium minerals from the water, but will not remove other contaminants such as lead or copper. Copper and lead are corroded metals from the pipes that can reenter the water after passing through the softener. They can contribute to elevated levels of copper and lead in the water. Using a reverse osmosis system may be recommended by your doctor. 

The ion exchange process also removes other minerals from the water. If you are concerned about the amount of sodium in your water, you may want to choose a salt-free water softener. Some water softeners also remove iron. Iron can be in a soluble or insoluble state. Most iron is in a soluble state, but high levels can cause it to convert to an insoluble form. 

The resin beads that are used in water softeners are extremely durable. If they become fouled, you can use commercial cleaners to remove the deposits. But you will need to follow the instructions on the manufacturer’s label. If you use too much of the chemical solution, it can damage the beads. This can reduce the effectiveness of your softener. 

During the regeneration process, water seeps through the bed of resin beads. If the resin bed is clogged with mud, it can cause the softener to clog. The resin beads can last up to twenty years before you need to replace them. You will need to replace the pellets as you use the softener, based on how much water you use. 

If you use a water softener, you will notice a difference in the quality of the water you use. It can save your water heaters and save you time. It can also help prevent soap films from building up on your sinks. You can also prevent spots from forming on glassware. If you are unsure of the hardness of your water, you can get a water quality report from your local water provider.